USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 09/20 11:10
Moses Lake, WA Fri Sep 20, 2019 USDA Market News
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report
Tons: 11,250 Last Week: 4700 Last Year: 3300
Compared to last Friday, all grades of export Alfalfa 5.00-10.00 per ton
higher. Timothy steady. Trade moderate this week as export buyers got bullish
week. Exporters are looking for non-rained on 4th. Demand remains moderate to
on Alfalfa. Feed store/retail not tested this week. All prices are dollars per
and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include
freight, commissions and other expenses.
Tons Price Wt. Avg Comments
Premium 1050 195.00-205.00 200.48 Export
300 230.00-230.00 230.00 Del
Good 2000 190.00-190.00 190.00 Export
1500 210.00-210.00 210.00 Del Export
Fair/Good 500 170.00-170.00 170.00 Export
Fair 300 180.00-180.00 180.00 Export
1400 160.00-160.00 160.00 Del
Premium 200 210.00-210.00 210.00 Export
Good 400 175.00-175.00 175.00
2600 202.00-202.00 202.00 Del Export
Fair 1000 140.00-140.00 140.00 Export
Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.
ADF NDF RFV TDN-100% TDN-90% CP-100%
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. TDN calculated using the
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Value. Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
value more than testing results.
ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV =
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients.
Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.
Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p gds rlc
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