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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       06/14 11:00
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Jun 14, 2019    USDA  Market News 
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report          
   Compared to last Friday, Prices were generally steady for the limited 
confirmed trade.  Demand was good for the limited available supplies. Rain 
showers over the trade area continue to effect hay that has been put down, 
resulting in lowered test results compared to normal.  
Delivered prices include freight, commissions and other expenses.

Tons:  5090    Last Week:  3505    Last Year:  6960           

                        Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments       
    Large Square                                                       
      Premium           1060  210.00-230.00  211.13                    
      Good              2000  195.00-195.00  195.00     Rain Damage    

  Orchard Grass                                                        
    Large Square                                                       
      Good                30  200.00-200.00  200.00     Rain Damage    

  Timothy Grass                                                        
    Large Square                                                       
      Premium           2000  200.00-200.00  200.00                    

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not    
more than 10% grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale    
Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect        
feeding value.                                                          
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%      
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22        
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22       
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20       
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18       
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16        
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p   cam   rlc

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