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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       09/20 11:10
ML_GR310                                                 
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Sep 20, 2019    USDA Market News           

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  11,250    Last Week:  4700    Last Year:  3300    

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of export Alfalfa 5.00-10.00 per ton 
higher. Timothy steady. Trade moderate this week as export buyers got bullish 
this 
week. Exporters are looking for non-rained on 4th. Demand remains moderate to 
good 
on Alfalfa. Feed store/retail not tested this week. All prices are dollars per 
ton 
and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include 
freight, commissions and other expenses.

                       Tons      Price    Wt. Avg    Comments
  Alfalfa                                                       
    Mid Square                                                  
      Premium          1050 195.00-205.00 200.48     Export     
                        300 230.00-230.00 230.00 Del            
      Good             2000 190.00-190.00 190.00     Export     
                       1500 210.00-210.00 210.00 Del Export     
      Fair/Good         500 170.00-170.00 170.00     Export     
      Fair              300 180.00-180.00 180.00     Export     
                       1400 160.00-160.00 160.00 Del            

  Alfalfa                                                       
    Small Square                                                
      Premium           200 210.00-210.00 210.00     Export     

  Timothy Grass                                                 
    Mid Square                                                  
      Good              400 175.00-175.00 175.00                
                       2600 202.00-202.00 202.00 Del Export     
      Fair             1000 140.00-140.00 140.00     Export     

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
                                                                              
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%            
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22              
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22             
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20             
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18             
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16              
                                                                              
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the       
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
 
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
                                         
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR310.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov
                               
0900p   gds   rlc

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